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Okay, I have spent all morning agonizing about the Zone.

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Okay, I have spent all morning agonizing about the Zone.
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Image by Malingering
The Zone and diets and Ultrametabolism and weight loss and insulin levels and fats as fuel and carbs as fuel and glycogen and eicosanoids and calories and exercise.

I am getting nowhere.

I’ve spent all morning on damn PubMed and I still don’t know anything. Low carb diets work, but apparently not for the insulin regulation reasons that people initially thought, and they can sensitize people so they produce more insulin in relation to the sugars they eat. Some studies show low carb diets to be more effective than high carb diets, and some show the opposite. One study suggests cognitive slowing with low carb diets. One shows an increase in C-reactive protein with low carb diets. One shows a decrease in inflammation with low carb diets. One showed that carb consumption is directly correlated to the expression of a fatty acid desaturase. One study shows that in a comparison of diets over 1 year, the Zone diet fared less favorably in terms of weight loss than the high carb diet. One showed that low carb diets don’t provide sufficient energy for endurance athletes. One showed that a high carb diet was beneficial in people with insulin resistance. Another showed that increasing whole grains (hard to do on a low carb diet) decreases metabolic syndrome by 32% and cardiovascular disease by 25%. A big 12-year study in Sweden showed low carb diets increased mortality by 6%. Then a study in the US showed there was no difference. A 10-year study in Greece backed up the Sweden study and showed a 22% increase in cardiovascular mortality.

All of the studies have flaws, of course. And I don’t know how to apply them to ME. The only consistent thing throughout all of these articles is that weight loss = lower blood sugar, lower cholesterol and all that. No shit. So what do I eat? Tofu, spinach and oatmeal? And what about all of the anti-soy people?

Thing is, I’m not particularly trying to lose weight. I’m okay where I am. I just want to live a healthier lifestyle. And I can’t even figure out how to do this.

So I ate this brownie sundae. Now I feel much better.

Larry Feb 08 close crop
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Feb 2008 crop of the same photo for the sake of face comparison after weight loss

Big Rich Texas Botox Party Frisco TX
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This is licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons. You are free to use this photo – please give attribution to Oceanview Medical Weight Loss Spa of Frisco, TX and link back to www.oceanviewweightlossmedical.com

Know about best whey protein and cheap protein

When it comes to protein, the best whey protein can easily vouch for being the most popular protein amongst serious bodybuilders and athlete. Apart from being cheap protein (it makes you gain weight without your wallet loosing it); this protein is popular because people now know its numerous advantages. The last decade has seen an upsurge in the awareness related to body fitness, exercises and the role of supplements in achieving the desired health. The dependence on steroids for achieving muscular mass has given way to healthy supplements that can give you bulging biceps and broad chests without compromising on your health or posing side-effects.

How to buy the best whey protein?

Here are a few pointers that should be kept in mind while going out to purchase the whey protein supplement. This is important so that you do not get lost in the myriad options that dominates shelf in a sport or supplement store.

Read the contents: This is an important step because a listing of ingredients and a breakup of their proportions as per mass will give you an idea of the quality of the supplements. Remember, whey is one of the richest forms of organic protein and is obtained during the process of making cheese out of milk. An efficient whey supplement has a significantly higher proportion of protein and less of lactose, fat and carbohydrates
Do not go by the price: Do not compare the supplements on the basis of their prices only. This can be a very dubious criterion. A cheap protein supplement may save you few bucks, but it can fall short on several other indicators of performance. It is important to judge supplements on the basis of their nutritional worth. If possible, purchase a sample amount first to see how it suits your body, before getting the supplement in bulk
Approval: it is advisable to choose a protein supplement that has undergone various tests and has been approved by the concerned authorities for human consumption. Gather knowledge about the various bodies and authorities (as per region) and do check the labels on these supplements for details on these approvals

Proteinfactory specializes in custom protein and custom protein powder. For more information about the best whey protein visit http://www.proteinfactory.com.

REPOSTING & pointing at the problems & it wasn’t an OPINION, it was the UGLY MIRROR & other OBVIOUS OBSERVATIONS about why the movie-thing WAR MACHINE is just part of the bendover-and-lie-about-it construct — FKU brad pitt, scott richard

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REPOSTING & pointing at the problems & it wasn’t an OPINION, it was the UGLY MIRROR & other OBVIOUS OBSERVATIONS about why the movie-thing WAR MACHINE is just part of the bendover-and-lie-about-it construct — FKU brad pitt, scott richard
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Image by torbakhopper

it wasn’t an OPINION, it was the UGLY MIRROR

people mistake the logical differences between words because words are so often misused or overused to only mean one thing.

for example, too many people mistake OBSERVATIONS for OPINIONS.

they can’t really tell the difference.
this can be for many reasons, but usually it’s because their own PERSONAL OPINION has negated the skill of observation from being useful.
they have overridden their ability to see with previous information.

in the NOTSO UNITED STATES, this has become a pandemic.

to the point where the DIRE CONSEQUENCES of poisonous “medications” are still being ignored.

FOR EXAMPLE, the number of sudden deaths from PHARMACEUTICAL drugs has not been counted.

sure, the suicides and “overdoses” have been counted.

and to date, just in the past ten years, OVER HALF A MILLION NOTSO UNITED STATES’ citizens have been murdered by these drugs.

however, because the act of murder was done by the invisible FORCE of the drug, it apparently doesn’t count as an INTENTIONAL POISONING.

but it is.
but that’s not my point today.

my point today is that we know about these INTENTIONAL POISONINGS. we know about these DRUG MURDERS and the MURDERERS who promote them.

we are all aware of that.
you’d have to be deprived of at least three of your human senses to not know this already.

with one exception, ALL school killings by kids have been MEDZ induced.

and that’s what i want to talk about today.

i want to talk about the PEOPLE WHO ARE KILLED by medz users.

about seven years ago the theory of SUDDEN DEATH SYNDROME was started.
as a theory, it warned society that this syndrome could only be stopped if we took people off these toxic poisons that are being masqueraded as MEDICATION.

it is really the biggest lie of the 20th century to spill into the 21st century.

and the afghan takeover supported this industry to no end. 2003 was a notoriously gang busting year for the crop.

there’s a funny moment in brad pitt’s new watered down and slightly tedious movie-thing called “war machine”.
someone is asking someone why the afghan people can’t just grow cotton instead of poppies if the terrain is good for cotton.
then the other someone says, “because cotton would compete with the u.s market of cotton growers.” or something like that.

and FKING PITT let’s that stand.

but that’s fking stupid.
that’s not the reason at all.
in fact, that’s a FKING WOLF IN SHEEP’S CLOTHING answer.

which is why we should be afraid of FACE PEOPLE like pitt and clooney and the lot of ‘em.

they are fking liars, too.

THE REASON they don’t grow cotton in afghanistan is way more FKING OBVIOUS.

it’s because they are growing poppies for the PHARMACEUTICAL CARTELS.
that’s why.
it has nothing to do with cotton.

it is just that cotton is worth about 70 – 80 cents a pound.
poppies are worth 65 billion dollars a year.
which is about 40 billion dollars more than the cotton industry in the united states.

so fku brad.
that’s why they grow poppies in afghanistan instead of fking cotton!!!!

dum movie.

the WAR MACHINE is the pharmaceutical industry.
just fking say it.

go read some more details on opium and such.
it’s good to know stuff:
fking hollywood liars!!!!

******
from online:

"Opium is the name for the latex produced within the seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. The plant is believed to have evolved from a wild strain, Papaver setigerum, which grows in coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea. Through centuries of cultivation and breeding for opium, the species somniferum evolved. Today, P. somniferum is the only species of Papaver used to produce opium. Opium contains morphine, codeine, noscapine, papaverine, and thebaine. All but thebaine are used clinically as analgesics to reduce pain without a loss of consciousness. Thebaine is without analgesic effect but is of great pharmaceutical value due to its use in the production of semisynthetic opioid morphine analogues such as oxycodone (Percodan), dihydromorphenone (Dilaudid), and hydrocodone (Vicodin).

The psychological effects of opium may have been known to the ancient Sumerians (circa 4,000 B.C.) whose symbol for poppy was hul, "joy" and gil, "plant". The plant was known in Europe at least 4,000 years ago as evidenced by fossil remains of poppy seed cake and poppy pods found in the Neolithic Swiss Lake Dwellings. Opium was probably consumed by the ancient Egyptians and was known to the Greeks as well. Our word opium is derived from the Greek. The poppy is also referred to in Homer’s works the Iliad and the Odyssey (850 B.C.). Hippocrates (460-357 B.C.) prescribed drinking the juice of the white poppy mixed with the seed of nettle.

The opium poppy probably reached China about the fourth century A.D. through Arab traders who advocated its use for medicinal purposes. In Chinese literature, there are earlier references to its use. The noted Chinese surgeon Hua To of the Three Kingdoms (220-264 A.D.) used opium preparations and Cannabis indica for his patients to swallow before undergoing major surgery.

The beginning of widespread opium use in China is associated with the introduction of tobacco smoking in pipes by Dutch from Java in the 17th century. The Chinese mixed Indian opium with the tobacco, two products that were being traded by the Dutch. This practice was adopted throughout the region and predictably resulted in increased opium smoking, both with and without tobacco.

By the late-1700s the British East India Company controlled the prime Indian poppy growing regions and dominated the Asian opium trade. By 1800, they had a monopoly on opium; controlling supply and setting prices.

In 1805, the German pharmacist Friedrich W. SertYrner isolated and described the principal alkaloid and powerful active ingredient in opium. He named it morphium after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. We know it today as morphine. This event was soon followed by the discovery of other alkaloids of opium: codeine in 1832 and papaverine in 1848. By the 1850s these pure alkaloids, rather than the earlier crude opium preparations, were being commonly prescribed for the relief of pain, cough, and diarrhea. This period also saw the invention and introduction of the hypodermic syringe.

By the late eighteenth century opium was being heavily used in China as a recreational drug. The Imperial court had banned its use and importation but large quantities were still being smuggled into China. In 1839 the Qing Emperor ordered his minister Lin Zexu to address the opium problem. Lin petitioned Queen Victoria for help but was ignored. In reaction, the emperor confiscated 20,000 barrels of opium and detained some foreign traders. The British retaliated by attacking the port city of Canton. Thus the First Opium War began. The Chinese were defeated and the Treaty of Nanjing was signed in 1842. The British required that the opium trade be allowed to continue, that the Chinese pay a large settlement, and that the Chinese cede Hongkong to the British Empire. The Second Opium War began and ended in 1856 over western demands that opium markets be expanded. The Chinese were again defeated and opium importation to China was legalized.

In the United States during the 19th century, opium preparations and ‘patent medicines’ containing opium extract such as paregoric (camphorated tincture of opium) and laudanum (deodorized opium tincture) became widely available and quite popular. In the 1860s morphine was used extensively pre- and post-operatively as a painkiller for wounded soldiers during the Civil War. Civil War physicians frequently dispensed opiates. In 1866 the Secretary of War stated that during the war the Union Army was issued 10 million opium pills, over 2,840,000 ounces of other opiate preparations (such as laudanum or paregoric), and almost 30,000 ounces of morphine sulphate. The inevitable result was opium addiction, called the ‘army disease’ or the ‘soldier’s disease.’ These opium and morphine addiction problems prompted a scientific search for potent but nonaddictive painkillers. In the 1870s, chemists synthesized a supposedly non-addictive, substitute for morphine by acetylating morphine. In 1898 the Bayer pharmaceutical company of Germany was the first to make available this new drug, 3,6-diacetylmorphine, in large quantities under the trademarked brand name Heroin. 3,6-diacetylmorphine is two to three times more potent than morphine. Most of the increase is due to its increased lipid solubility, which provides enhanced and rapid central nervous system penetration.

Heroin was initially used with much success as a superior cough suppressant for patients with (then incurable) tuberculosis. Tuberculosis patients continued to die, but without the tortuous coughing and pain. A second use of heroin was to combat morphine ad diction – just as morphine was originally used to combat opium addiction. Soon after its introduction, however, Heroin was recognized as having narcotic and addictive properties far exceeding those of morphine.

In December 1914, the United States Congress passed the Harrison Narcotics Act which called for control of each phase of the preparation and distribution of medicinal opium, morphine, heroin, cocaine, and any new derivative that could be shown to have similar properties. It made illegal the possession of these controlled substances. The restrictions in the Harrison Act were most recently redefined by the Federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The Act lists as a Schedule II Controlled Substance opium and its derivatives and all parts of theP. somniferum plant except the seed.

The first period of large scale heroin smuggling into the United States since its prohibition occurred during the years 1967 through 1971. Turkish opium was processed into heroin in France and then smuggled into New York.

In the mid-1970s Mexican brown heroin appeared. It was sold at a lower price than European heroin and became readily available in the West and Midwest. By the mid-1980s the U.S. heroin market was being supplied from three regions: Mexico, Southwest Asia (Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey, Lebanon), and Southeast Asia (Burma, Laos, Thailand). Soon thereafter, South American heroin from Columbia appeared.

In 1997, Southeast Asia still accounts for well over half of the world’s opium production. It is estimated that the region has the capacity to produce over 200 metric tons of heroin annually. Although much of it is consumed in Asia, thousands of kilograms of Southeast Asian heroin enter the United States each year.

The chemical structure of opiates is very similar to that of naturally produced compounds called endorphinsand enkephalins. These compounds are derived from an amino acid pituitary hormone called beta-lipotropin which when released is cleaved to form met-enkephalin, gamma-endorphin, and beta-endorphin. Opiate molecules, due to their similar structure, engage many of the endorphins’ nerve-receptor sites in the brain’s pleasure centers and bring about similar analgesic effects. In the human body, a pain stimulus usually exites an immediate protective reaction followed by the release of endorphins to relieve discomfort and reward the mental learning process. Opiates mimic high levels of endorphins to produce intense euphoria and a heightened state of well-being. Regular use results in increased tolerance and the need for greater quantities of the drug. Profound physical and psychological dependence results from regular use and rapid cessation brings about withdrawal sickness.

In addition to the pleasure/pain centers, there is also a concentration of opiate receptors in the respiratory center of the brain. Opiates have an inhibiting effect on these cells and in the case of an overdose, respiration can come to a complete halt. Opiates also inhibit sensitivity to the impulse to cough.

A third location for these receptors is in the brain’s vomiting center. Opiate use causes nausea and vomiting. Tolerance for this effect is built up very quickly. Opiates effect the digestive system by inhibiting intestinal peristalsis. Long before they were used as painkillers, opiates were used to control diarrhea.

The opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, is an annual plant. From a very small round seed, it grows, flowers, and bears fruit (seed pods) only once. The entire growth cycle for most varieties of this plant takes about 120 days. The seeds of P. somniferum can be distinguished from other species by the appearance of a fine secondary fishnet reticulation within the spaces of the coarse reticulation found all over their surface. When compared with other Papaver species, P. somniferum plants will have their leaves arranged along the stem of the plant, rather than basal leaves, and the leaves and stem will be ‘glabrous’ (hairless). The tiny seeds germinate quickly, given warmth and sufficient moisture. Sprouts appear in fourteen to twenty-one days. In less than six weeks the young plant has grown four large leaves and resembles a small cabbage in appearance. The lobed, dentate leaves are glaucous green with a dull gray or blue tint.

Within sixty days, the plant will grow from one to two feet in height, with one primary, long, smooth stem. The upper portion of this stem is without leaves and is the ‘peduncle’. One or more secondary stems, called ’tillers’, may grow from the main stem of the plant. Single poppy plants in Southeast Asia often have one or more tillers.

As the plant grows tall, the main stem and each tiller terminates in a flower bud. During the development of the bud, the peduncle portion of the stem elongates and forms a distinctive ‘hook’ which causes the bud to be turned upside down. As the flower develops, the peduncle straightens and the buds point upward. A day or two after the buds first point upward, the two outer segments of the bud, called ‘sepals,’ fall away, exposing the flower petals.

Opium poppies generally flower after about ninety days of growth and continue to flower for two to three weeks. The exposed flower blossom is at first crushed and crinkled, but the petals soon expand and become smooth in the sun. Opium poppy flowers have four petals. The petals may be single or double and may be white, pink, reddish purple, crimson red, or variegated. The petals last for two to four days and then drop to reveal a small, round, green fruit which continues to develop. These fruits or pods (also called ‘seedpods’, ‘capsules,’ ‘bulbs,’ or ‘poppy heads’) are either oblate, elongated, or globular and mature to about the size of a chicken egg. The oblate-shaped pods are more common in Southeast Asia.

The main stem of a fully-matured P. somniferum plant can range between two to five feet in height. The green leaves are oblong, toothed and lobed and are between four to fifteen inches in diameter at maturity. The mature leaves have no commercial value except for use as animal fodder.

Only the pod portion of the plant can produce opium alkaloids. The skin of the poppy pod encloses the wall of the pod ovary. The ovary wall consists of an outer, middle, and inner layer. The plant’s latex (opium) is produced within the ovary wall and drains into the middle layer through a system of vessels and tubes within the pod. The cells of the middle layer secrete more than 95 percent of the opium when the pod is scored and harvested.

Cultivators in Mainland Southeast Asia tap the opium from each pod while it remains on the plant. After the opium is scraped, the pods are cut from the stem and allowed to dry. Once dry, the pods are cut open and the seeds are removed and dried in the sun before storing for the following year’s planting. An alternative method of collecting planting seeds is to collect them from intentionally unscored pods, because scoring may diminish the quality of the seeds. Aside from being used as planting seed, the poppy seeds may also be used in cooking and in the manufacture of paints and perfumes. Poppy seed oil is straw-yellow in color, odorless, and has a pleasant, almond-like taste. The opium poppy grows best in temperate, warm climates with low humidity. It requires only a moderate amount of water before and during the early stages of growth. In addition, it is a ‘long day’ photo-responsive plant. As such, it requires long days and short nights before it will develop flowers. The opium poppy plant can be grown in a variety of soils; clay, sandy loam, sandy, and sandy clay, but it responds best to sandy loam soil. This type of soil has good moisture-retentive and nutrient-retentive properties, is easily cultivated, and has a favorable structure for root development. Clay soil types are hard and difficult to pulverize into a good soil texture. The roots of a young poppy plant cannot readily penetrate clay soils, and growth is inhibited. Sandy soil, by contrast, does not retain sufficient water or nutrients for proper growth of the plant.

Excessive moisture or extremely arid conditions will adversely affect the poppy plant’s growth and reduce the alkaloid content. Poppy plants can become waterlogged and die after a heavy rainfall in poorly drained soil. Heavy rainfall in the second and third months of growth can leach alkaloids from the plant and spoil the opium harvest. Dull, rainy, or cloudy weather during this critical growth period may reduce both the quantity and the quality of the alkaloid content.

Opium poppies were widely grown as an ornamental plant and for seeds in the United States until the possession of this plant was declared illegal in the Opium Poppy Control Act of 1942. New generations of plants from the self-sown seed of these original poppies can still be seen in many old ornamental gardens.

The major legal opium poppy growing areas in the world today are in govemment-regulated opium farms in lndia, Turkey and Tasmania, Australia. The major illegal growing areas are in the highlands of Mainland Southeast Asia, specifically Burma (Myanmar), Laos, and Thailand, as well as the adjacent areas of southern China and northwestern Vietnam. The area is known as the ‘Golden Triangle’. In Southwest Asia, opium poppies are grown in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. Opium poppy is also grown in Lebanon, Guatemala, Colombia and Mexico.

The highlands of Mainland Southeast Asia, at elevations of 800 meters or more above sea level, are prime poppy growing areas. Generally speaking, these poppy-farming areas do not require irrigation, fertilizer, or insecticides for successful opium yields.

Most of the opium poppies of Southeast Asia are grown in Burma (Myamnar), specifically in the Wa and Kokang areas which are in the northeastern quadrant of the Shan State of Burma. Laos is the second-largest illicit opium-producing country in Southeast Asia and third-largest in the world.

In Laos, poppy is cultivated extensively in Houaphan and Xiangkhoang Provinces, as well as the six other northern provinces: Bokeo, Louangnamtha, Louangphabang, Oudomxai, Phongsali and Xaignabouli. Poppy is also grown in many of the remote, mountainous areas of northern Thailand, particularly in Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Mae Hong Son, Nan and Tak Provinces.

In China, opium poppies are cultivated by ethnic minority groups in the mountainous frontier regions of Yunnan Province, particularly along the border area with Burma’s Kachin and Shan States. Son La Province, situated between China and Laos, is a major opium poppy cultivation area in Vietnam, as are Lai Chau and Nghe An Provinces.

It is noteworthy that the dominant ethnic groups of Mainland Southeast Asia are not poppy cultivators. The Burmans and Shan of Burma, the Lao of Laos, the Thai of Thailand, the Han Chinese of Yunnan, China, and the Vietnamese of Vietnam are lowlanders and do not traditionally cultivate opium poppies. Rather, it is the ethnic minority highlander groups, such as the Wa, Pa-0, Palaung, Lahu, Lisu, Hmong, and Akha who grow poppies in the highlands of the countries of Southeast Asia.

A typical nuclear family of Mainland Southeast Asian highlanders ranges between five and ten persons,including two to five adults. An average household of poppy farmers can cultivate and harvest about one acre of opium poppy per year. Most of the better fields can support opium poppy cultivation for ten years or more without fertilization, irrigation, or insecticides, before the soil is depleted and new fields must be cleared. In choosing a field to grow opium poppy, soil quality and acidity are critical factors and experienced poppy farmers choose their fields carefully. In Southeast Asia, westerly orientations are typically preferred to optimize sun exposure. Most fields are on mountain slopes at elevations of 1,000 meters (3,000 feet) or more above sea level. Slope gradients of 20 degrees to 40 degrees are considered best for drainage of rain water.

In Mainland Southeast Asia, virgin land is prepared by cutting and piling all brush, vines and small trees in the field during March, at the end of the dry season. After allowing the brush to dry in the hot sun for several days, the field is set afire. This method, called ‘slash-and burn’ or ‘swidden’ agriculture, is commonly practiced by dry field farmers – both highland and lowland – throughout Mainland Southeast Asia in order to ready the land for a variety of field crops. The slash-and-burn method is also used to clear fields for poppy cultivation. Before the rainy season in April, fields by the hundreds of thousands all over the region are set ablaze. A fog-like yellow haze hangs over the area for weeks, reducing visibility for hundreds of miles. In the mountains, the dense haze blocks out the sun and stings the eyes.

A typical highlander family will plant an area of two or three rai in opium poppy (2.53 rai is equivalent to one acre). In August or September, toward the end of the rainy season, highland farmers in Southeast Asia prepare fields selected for opium poppy planting. By this time, the ash resulting from the burn-off of the previous dry season has settled into the soil, providing additional nutrients, especially potash. The soil is turned with long-handled hoes after it is softened by the rains. The farmers then break up the large clumps of soil. Weeds and stones are tossed aside and the ground is leveled off.

Traditionally, most highland and upland farmers in Southeast Asia do not use fertilizer for any of their crops, including the opium poppy, but in recent years opium poppy farmers have started using both natural and chemical fertilizers to increase opium poppy yields. Chicken manure, human feces or the regions’ abundant bat droppings are often mixed into the planting soil before the opium poppy seed is planted.

The planting must be completed by the end of October in order to take advantage of the region’s ‘long days’ in November and December.

The opium poppy seed can be sown several ways: broadcast (tossed by hand); or fix-dropped by hand into shallow holes dug with a metal-tipped dibble stick. About one pound of opium poppy seed is needed to sow one acre of land. The seeds may be white, yellow, coffee-color, gray, black, or blue. Seed color is not related to the color of the flower petals. Beans, cabbages, cotton, parsley, spinach, squash and tobacco are crops typically planted with the opium poppy. These crops neither help nor hinder the cultivation of the opium poppy, but are planted for personal consumption or as a cash crop.

In the highlands of Southeast Asia, it is a common practice to plant maize and opium poppies in the same fields each year. The maize keeps down excessive weeds and provides feed for the farmer’s pigs and ponies. It is grown from April to August. After harvesting the maize, and with the stalks still standing in the fields, the ground is weeded and pulverized. Just before the end of the rainy season, in successive sowings throughout September and October, the poppy seed is broadcast among the maize stalks. These stalks can protect young opium poppy plants from heavy rains.

The opium poppy plants form leaves in the first growth stage, called the ‘cabbage’ or ‘lettuce’ stage. After a month of growth, when the opium poppy is about a foot high, some of the plants are removed (called ‘thinning’) to allow the other plants more room to grow. The ideal spacing between plants is believed to be 20 to 40 centimeters, or about eight to twelve plants per square meter, although some researchers in northern Thailand have reported as many as 18 plants per square meter.

During the first two months, the opium poppies may be damaged or stunted by nature through the lack of adequate sunshine, excessive rainfall, insects, worms, hail storms, early frost, or trampling by animals. The third month of growth does not require as much care as the first two months. Three to four months after planting, from late December to early February, the opium poppies are in full bloom. Mature plants range between three to five feet in height. Most opium poppy varieties in Southeast Asia produce three to five mature pods per plant. A typical opium poppy field has 60,000 to 120,000 poppy plants per hectare, with a range of 120,000 to 275,000 opium-producing pods. The actual opium yield will depend largely on weather conditions and the precautions taken by individual farmers to safeguard the crop. The farmer and his family generally move into the field for the final two weeks, setting up a small field hut on the edge of the opium poppy field.

The scoring of the pods (also called ‘lancing,’ ‘incising,’ or ‘tapping’) begins about two weeks after the flower petals fall from the pods. The farmer examines the pod and the tiny crown portion on the top of the pod very carefully before scoring.

The grayish-green pod will become a dark green color as it matures and it will swell in size. If the points of the pod’s crown are standing straight out or are curved upward, the pod is ready to be scored. If the crown’s points turn downward, the pod is not yet fully matured. Not all the plants in a field will be ready for scoring at the same time and each pod can be tapped more than once.

A set of three or four small blades of iron, glass, or glass splinters bound tightly together on a wooden handle is used to score two or three sides of the pod in a vertical direction. If the blades cut too deep into the wall of the pod, the opium will flow too quickly and will drip to the ground. If the incisions are too shallow, the flow will be too slow and the opium will harden in the pods. A depth of about one millimeter is desired for the incision.

Using a blade-tool designed to cut to that depth, scoring ideally starts in late afternoon so the white raw opium latex can ooze out and slowly coagulate on the surface of the pod overnight. If the scoring begins too early in the afternoon, the sun will cause the opium to coagulate over the incision and block the flow. Raw opium oxidizes, darkens and thickens in the cool night air. Early the next morning, the opium gum is scraped from the surface of the pods with a short-handled, flat, iron blade three to four inches wide.

Opium harvesters work their way backwards across the field scoring the lower, mature pods before the taller pods, in order to avoid brushing up against the sticky pods. The pods continue to produce opium for several days. Farmers will return to these plants – sometimes up to five or six times – to gather additional opium until the pod is totally depleted. The opium is collected in a container which hangs from the farmer’s neck or waist.

The opium yield from a single pod varies greatly, ranging from 10 to 100 milligrams of opium per pod. The average yield per pod is about 80 milligrams. The dried opium weight yield per hectare of poppies ranges from eight to fifteen kilograms.

As the farmers gather the opium, they will commonly tag the larger or more productive pods with colored string or yarn. These pods will later be cut from their stems, cut open, dried in the sun and their seeds used for the following year’s planting.

The wet opium gum collected from the pods contains a relatively high percentage of water and needs to be dried for several days. High-quality raw opium will be brown (rather than black) in color and will retain its sticky texture. Experienced opium traders can quickly determine if the opium has been adulterated with tree sap, sand, or other such materials. Raw opium in Burma, Laos and Thailand is usually sun-dried, weighed in a standard 1.6 kilogram quantity (called a ‘viss’ in Burma; a ‘choi’ in Laos and Thailand), wrapped in banana leaf or plastic and then stored until ready to sell, trade, or smoke. While opium smoking is common among most adult opium poppy farmers, heavy addiction is generally limited to the older, male farmers. The average yearly consumption of cooked opium per smoker is estimated to be 1.6 kilograms.

A typical opium poppy farmer household in Southeast Asia will collect 2 to 5 choi or viss (3 to 9 kilograms) of opium from a year’s harvest of a one-acre field. That opium will be dried, wrapped and stacked on a shelf by February or March. If the opium has been properly dried, it can be stored indefinitely. Excessive moisture and heat can cause the opium to deteriorate but, once dried, opium is relatively stable. In fact, as opium dries and becomes less pliable, its value increases due to the decrease in water weight per kilogram.

Before opium is smoked, it is usually ‘cooked’. Uncooked opium contains moisture, as well as soil, leaves, twigs, and other impurities which diminish the quality of the final product. The raw opium collected from the opium poppy pods is placed in an open cooking pot of boiling water where the sticky globs of opium alkaloids quickly dissolve. Soil, twigs, plant scrapings, etc., remain undissolved. The solution is then strained through cheesecloth to remove these impurities. The clear brown liquid that remains is opium in solution, sometimes called ‘liquid opium’. This liquid is then re-heated over a low flame until the water is driven off into the air as steam leaving a thick dark brown paste. This paste is called ‘prepared’, ‘cooked’, or ‘smoking’ opium. It is dried in the sun until it has a putty-like consistency. The net weight of the cooked opium is generally only eighty percent that of the original raw opium. Thus, cooked opium is more pure than its original, raw form, and has a higher monetary value.

Cooked opium is suitable for smoking or eating by opium users. Traditionally there is only one group of opium poppy farmers, the Hmong, who prefer not to cook their opium before smoking. Most other ethnic groups, including Chinese opium addicts, prefer smoking cooked opium. If the opium is to be sold to traders for use in morphine or heroin laboratories, it is not necessary to cook it first. The laboratory operators generally use 55-gallon oil drums or huge cooking vats to dissolve the raw opium before beginning the morphine extraction process.

Raw or cooked opium contains more than thirty-five different alkaloids, including morphine, which accounts for approximately ten percent of the total raw opium weight. Heroin manufacturers must first extract the morphine from the opium before converting the morphine to heroin. The extraction is a simple process, requiring only a few chemicals and a supply of water. Since the morphine base is about one-tenth the weight and volume of raw opium, it is desirable to reduce the opium to morphine before transporting the product any great distance. Morphine is sometimes extracted from opium in small clandestine ‘laboratories’ which may be set up near the opium poppy fields.

The process of extracting morphine from opium involves dissolving opium in hot water, adding lime to precipitate the non-morphine alkaloids and then adding ammonium chloride to precipitate the morphine from the solution. An empty oil drum and some cooking pots are all that is needed.

The following is a step-by-step description of morphine extraction in a typical Southeast Asian laboratory:

1. An empty 55-gallon oil drum is placed on bricks about a foot above the ground and a fire is built under the drum. Thirty gallons of water are added to the drum and brought to a boil. Ten to fifteen kilograms of raw opium are added to the boiling water.

2. With stirring, the raw opium eventually dissolves in the boiling water, while soil, leaves, twigs, and other non-soluble materials float in the solution. Most of these materials are scooped out of the clear brown ‘liquid opium’ solution.

3. Slaked lime (calcium hydroxide), or more often a readily available chemical fertilizer with a high content of lime, is added to the solution. The lime converts the water insoluble morphine into the water soluble calcium morphenate. The other opium alkaloids do not react with the lime to form soluble calcium salts. Codeine is slightly water soluble and gets carried over with the calcium morphenate in the liquid. For the most part, the other alkaloids become part of the residual sediment ‘sludge’ that comes to rest on the bottom of the oil drum.

4. As the solution cools, and after the insolubles precipitate out, the morphine solution is scooped from the drum and poured through a filter of some kind. Burlap rice sacks are often used as filters. They are later squeezed in a press to remove most of the solution from the wet sacks. The solution is then poured into large cooking pots and re-heated, but not boiled.

5.Ammonium chloride is added to the heated calcium morphenate solution to adjust the alkalinity to a pH of 8 to 9, and the solution is then allowed to cool. Within one or two hours, the morphine base and the unextracted codeine base precipitate out of the solution and settle to the bottom of the cooking pot.

6.The solution is then poured off through cloth filters. Any solid morphine base chunks in the solution will remain on the cloth. The morphine base is removed from both the cooking pot and from the filter cloths, wrapped and squeezed in cloth, and then dried in the sun. When dry, the crude morphine base is a coffee-colored powder.

7.This ‘crude’ morphine base, commonly known by the Chinese term p’i-tzu throughout Southeast Asia, may be further purified by dissolving it in hydrochloric acid, adding activated charcoal, re-heating and re-filtering. The solution is filtered several more times, and the morphine (morphine hydrochloride) is then dried in the sun.

8.Morphine hydrochloride (still tainted with codeine hydrochloride) is usually formed into small brick-sized blocks in a press and wrapped in paper or cloth. The most common block size is 2 inches by 4 inches by 5 inches weighing about 1.3 kilograms (3 lbs). The bricks are then dried for transport to heroin processing laboratories.

Approximately 13 kilograms of opium, from one hectare of opium poppies, are needed to produce each morphine block of this size. The morphine blocks are bundled and packed for transport to heroin laboratories by human couriers or by pack animals. Pack mules are able to carry 100-kilogram payloads over 200 miles of rugged mountain trails in less than three weeks.

The conversion of morphine hydrochloride to heroin base is a relatively simple and inexpensive procedure. The necessary chemicals are readily available industrial chemicals. The equipment is very basic and quite portable. Heroin conversion laboratories are generally located in isolated, rural areas due to the telltale odors of the lab’s chemicals. Acetic anhydride, in particular, is a key chemical with the easily identified very pungent odor of pickles.

Heroin synthesis is a two-step process which generally requires twelve to fourteen hours to complete. Heroin base is the intermediate product. Typically, morphine hydrochloride bricks are pulverized and the dried powder is then placed in an enamel or stainless steel rice cooking pot. The liquid acetic anhydride is then added. The pot lid is tied or clamped on, with a damp towel used for a gasket. The pot is carefully heated for about two hours, below boiling, at a constant temperature of 185 degrees Fahrenheit. It is never allowed to boil or to become so hot as to vent fumes. It is agitated by tilting and swirling until all of the morphine has dissolved. Acetic anhydride reacts with the morphine to form diacetylmorphine (heroin). This acetylation process will work either with morphine hydrochloride or p’i-tzu (crude morphine base).

When cooking is completed, the pot is cooled and opened. The morphine and the acetic anhydride have now become chemically bonded, creating an impure form of diacetylmorphine (heroin). Water is added at three times the volume of acetic anhydride and the mixture is stirred. Activated charcoal is added and mixed by stirring and the mixture is then filtered to remove colored impurities. Solids remaining on the filter are discarded. Sodium carbonate, used at 2.5 pounds per pound of morphine, is dissolved in hot water and added slowly to the liquid until effervescence stops. This precipitates the heroin base which is then filtered and dried by heating in a steam bath for an hour. For each pound of morphine, about 11 ounces of crude heroin base is formed. The heroin base may be dried, packed and transported to a heroin refining laboratory or it may be purified further and/or converted to heroin hydrochloride, a water-soluble salt form of heroin, at the same site.

Southeast Asian heroin base is an intermediate product which can be further converted to either a smoking form (Heroin No. 3) or an injectable form (Heroin No. 4).

(Smoking Heroin, heroin hydrochloride)

To make heroin No. 3, the crude base is mixed with hydrochloric acid resulting in heroin hydrochloride. Adulterants including caffeine are added after this conversion. For each kilogram of crude heroin base about one kilogram of caffeine is used. Various ‘flavorings’ such as quinine hydrochloride or strychnine hydrochloride may be added in 7 gram or 14 gram increments. Next, the wet paste mix is stirred to dryness over the steam bath. The resulting dry Heroin No. 3 will be in the form of coarse lumps. These are crushed and passed through a #8 to #10 mesh sieve, and the grains (pieces) are then packaged for sale. The entire process takes about eight hours and requires only minimal skill. While extra attention to stirring is required to assure dryness, one man can prepare a one-kilogram block of Heroin No. 3 during this time.

(Injectable Heroin)

To the heroin base mixture in the pot, water is added at three times the volume of acetic anydride and mixed by stirring. A small amount of chloroform is added. The mixture is stirred and then allowed to stand for twenty minutes. Doing so precipitates highly-colored impurities and a red, greasy liquid. The water layer is carefully poured off and saved in a clean pot, leaving the red grease in the pot. In a clean pot, activated charcoal is stirred into the aqueous solution and is filtered to remove solid impurities. The decolorizing effects of the charcoal, combined with the chloroform treatment, will leave a light yellow solution. The use of charcoal is repeated one or more times, until the solution is colorless.

Approximately 1.1 kilograms of sodium carbonate per 0.5 kilogram of morphine is dissolved in hot water and added slowly to the mixture until the effervescence stops. This precipitates the heroin base which is then filtered and dried by heating on a steam bath. The heroin base is heated until dryness is complete, an imperative for the preparation of Heroin No.4. The powder should be very white at this stage. If not white, the base is redissolved in diluted acid, treated repeatedly with activated charcoal, reprecipitated and dried. The ultimate purity and color of the resulting heroin hydrochloride depends largely on the quality of the heroin base.

The following optional steps are sometimes taken by skilled heroin chemists to increase quality.

For each pound of heroin base 1,100 milliliters of ethyl alcohol is heated to boiling. The heroin base is added and stirred until completely dissolved. The heated solution is then quickly filtered through a Büchner funnel that has been preheated and poured into a heated flask. This hot filtration removes the traces of sodium carbonate that remained in the base. The solution is quickly cooled in an ice bath, where it becomes very thick; like ice cream. The substance is put into a pan and set in a large refrigerator. A fan is set to blow across the pan to cause slow evaporation of the alcohol while the paste crystallizes. After several hours, it is vacuum-filtered. The filtrate, pure ethyl alcohol, is re-used. The solid material, ‘alcohol morphine base’, is actually recrystallized heroin base.

The heroin product, either heroin base or recrystallized heroin base, is weighed. For each pound of solid product, 3,000 milliliters of ethyl alcohol, 3,000 milliliters of ether, and 102 milliliters of concentrated hydrochloric acid are measured out. The solid is dissolved by heating with one-third of the alcohol and one-half of the acid. Another one-third of the acid is added and mixed by stirring. Next, acid is added slowly, drop by drop, until the product is completely converted to the hydrochloride. Two methods of testing this end product may be used. Either a drop of solution evaporates on a clean glass plate, leaving no trace of cloudiness in the residue, or a drop of the solution placed on Congo red paper causes the paper to turn blue.

Once the acid is added, the remaining alcohol is stirred in. Half of the ether is then added with stirring and the mixture is allowed to stand for fifteen minutes. It must be examined with great care since it is extremely volatile and flammable. Once the first small crystals are detected, the remaining ether is added at once. The vessel is stirred, covered and allowed to stand for twenty minutes to one hour. The mixture becomes nearly solid after an hour. At this point, it is filtered and the solids are collected on clean filter paper. The paper is wrapped around the crystals and placed on wooden trays, usually over lime rock, to dry. When the crystals of pure heroin hydrochloride are dry, they are packaged. Batches of 5 to 10 kilograms are commonly made at one time, the largest batch being an estimated 20 kilograms.

Chemicals used to isolate morphine from opium include ammonium chloride, calcium carbonate (limestone), and calcium hydroxide (slaked lime). The precursor chemical normally used in the conversion of morphine to heroin is acetic anhydride. Chemical reagents used in the conversion process include sodium carbonate and activated charcoal. Chemical solvents needed are chloroform, ethyl alcohol (ethanol), ethyl ether and acetone. Other chemicals may be substituted for these preferred chemicals, but most or all of these preferred chemicals are readily available through smugglers and suppliers.

Necessary laboratory equipment includes measuring cups, funnels, filter paper, litmus paper and a stainless steel pot. Only the most sophisticated heroin labs use glass flasks, propane gas ovens, Bunsen burners, vacuum pumps, autoclaves, electric blenders, venting hoods, centrifuges, reflux condensers, electric drying ovens and elaborate exhaust systems. Portable, gasoline-powered generators are often used at clandestine heroin conversion laboratories used to power various electrical devices."

Image from page 212 of “Principles and practice of plumbing” (1922)
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Identifier: cu31924021428721
Title: Principles and practice of plumbing
Year: 1922 (1920s)
Authors: Cosgrove, J. J. (John Joseph), b. 1869
Subjects: Plumbing
Publisher: Scranton, Pa., Technical Book Publishing Co
Contributing Library: Cornell University Library
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN

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Text Appearing Before Image:
Fig. aa Air Cbamber on Pump Digitized by Microsoft® Principles and Practice of Plumbing 201 reciprocating motion of the steam piston is transmitted tothe pump piston, I, in the water end of the pump by meansof the piston rod, m, to which it is direct connected. Then,as the pump piston travels to the left, water flows throughthe suction valve, n, into the pump cylinder, while the waterto the left side of the piston is forced through the valve, o,into the discharge pipe. On the reverse stroke of the pis-ton, water flows through the suction valve, p, into the pumpcylinder, while water on the right side of the piston isforced out through discharge valve, q, into the dischargepipe. An air chamber, r, on top of the valve chamber re-duces shock from water hammer and promotes steady flow.Two drip cocks, s s, serve to drain water of condensation.

Text Appearing After Image:
Fig. 100Steam Pump from the steam cylinder and a lubricator, t, oils the workingparts in the steam chest. This pump is known as a doublestroke pump, as it both lifts and forces with each stroke ofthe piston. For low pressure service the piston in thewater end of a pump may be packed with a fibrous packing;for high pressure service, however, the packing should be ofmetal. HoKSEPOWER OF PuMPS.—The horsepower necessary toelevate water to a given height can be found by multiplyingthe weight of water in pounds elevated per minute by theheight in feet, and dividing the product by 33,000. An Digitized by Microsoft® 202 Principles and Practice of Plumbing allowance or deduction of 25% from the theoretical horse-power should be made to allow for the loss due to friction,when the runs are not long. If the discharge pipe is long,or contains many bends and branches, the frictional resist-ance of the pipe and fittings should be calculated. Capacity of Pumps.—The diameter of cylinder for asing

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Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability – coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

The Truth About Sugar – New Documentary 2015

The Truth About Sugar – New BBC Documentary 2015 – Sugar is the big bad wolf of the diet world, but not that many of us know quite how to quit it or, in fact, what the downsides to a sugary diet actually are.

The Truth About Sugar documentary, aired on BBC One aimed to demystify some of the myths about sugar – namely, what food products secretly contain it – and demonstrate the impact it can make on your health if you reduce the amount you eat.

It charted the lives of Cara Patterson, Rick Shabilla, Audrey Cannon and Simon Gallagher, who consumed nearly 119 teaspoons of sugar between them a day. Three of them lost nearly six kilograms each after implementing a low-sugar diet, but Shabilla unfortunately decided to replace his Indian sweets habit with lager and was not as successful.
========================
Journalist Fiona Phillips is on a mission to find out the truth behind the recent headlines on sugar. She discovers why some of us have more of a sweet tooth than others, which sugars you can enjoy guilt-free, why there is so much sugar hidden in food you would think was purely savoury and what effect sugary drinks have on the appetite. Fiona also helps four Brits, whose sugar-heavy diets could be putting their health at risk, to change their ways. From coming up with low-sugar recipes to finding ways to beat the sweet cravings, they will see whether cutting back to the levels suggested by health authorities is really achievable and what the benefits actually are. As the dieters progress on their journey, it soon becomes clear that the transformations will be dramatic.
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[Full] BBC – The Truth About (2015): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5p9x5m1Dom8&list=PLZN5ES6uYyKykZ0EikWYA-xaNYYoYiTJp
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“Science documentary series tackling everyday issues that affect us all. Each episode features different presenters and experts in their fields.”

Part 1: Sugar: https://youtu.be/9E9bnjwQG9s
Part 2: Calories: https://youtu.be/SM1s7ew9oPo
Part 3: Fat:
Part 4: Your Medicine Cabinet:
———————————————————
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Lose Weight and Keep it Off Forever by Changing Your Mindset About Eating and Dieting

how to lose weight forever
by drp

Starting a new weight loss plan begins in your mind before it begins in your body. Having the right mindset is what it takes so that you will put a diet plan into action. You may have promised yourself a hundred times that you will begin dieting tomorrow, but until your subconscious mind agrees it will just be a promise that can be easily broken. Here are some suggestions for getting into the healthy lifestyle mindset that can change everything for you.

Write down your goals and how you intend to achieve them. Go ahead and get on the scale and write down your weight as of today. You do not have to share this with anyone, but once you have lost all of your weight you will want to be able to brag about how many pounds you have released. Make a conscious decision to only weigh yourself once a week for the next month or so. Getting on the scale every day is not productive for many reasons.

Go through your refrigerator and cabinets and get rid of anything that will not serve you well. I like to donate any unopened cans or packaged food to my local food pantry, and throw everything else away. It is part of the cleansing process that will make you feel like you are starting something serious that you can finish.

Put aside ten minutes every morning and ten minutes at night to write about your weight loss process. Even if you have small children or work full time you can do this. I used to sit in my car before going in to work in order to think and write down my goals and thoughts. This made a huge difference in me being able to change my lifestyle and drop many unwanted pounds, so I know it will for you as well.

And now I invite you to learn more by visiting http://www.5PoundsAtATime.com to see how easily you can release those extra pounds, feel and look better than ever, and be the person you want to be.

Related How To Lose Weight Forever Articles

Tips about Juicing Recipes For Fat reduction

juicing for weight loss
by ~W~

If you are overweight and also you desire to shed the undesirable lbs you might have in all probability experimented with a handful of diets within your lifetime. From not consuming, to only consuming greens to staying absent from carbohydrates, title it you have likely completed it. But have you actually experimented with just consuming juice? The juice diet program was launched a few many years in the past and may be a hale and hearty solution to shed pounds. You nevertheless get the very much needed nutrients your system needs with out consuming strong meals. This write-up will introduce you to some juicing recipes for fat reduction.

Juicing recipes for fat loss amount one: You will need some carrots, parsley, a petite cucumber and two granny smith apples. Place all these components in a very blender or juicer and turn it on. Many people call this juice recipe the hunger buster because it aids you management your appetite.

Juicing recipes for weight reduction variety two: In the event you like smoothies while in the morning than you will appreciate this upcoming healthy juice recipe. You will need two big but skinless oranges, one appropriate sized grapefruit- skinless also, a handful of strawberries, 50 percent a banana, ice and two teaspoons of protein powder without taste. If you get this protein shake you will have adequate vitality to final you per day. This juice recipe is filling and it tastes great also.

Juicing recipes for fat loss variety three: You may consider this upcoming recipe for breakfast. It really is an excellent strategy to start off your day. You will need 50 percent of a medium grapefruit, two medium apples without any cores, numerous sprigs of parsley and ? a handful of seedless grapes. That is a yummy recipe that you simply may also share with friends and loved ones who are not on the eating habits.

These juicing recipes for fat reduction provides you with extra vitality, make your digestive method function adequately and provides your skin a healthy and content glow. Friends and relatives will in all probability discover a modify in you, not only the weight reduction but in addition a happier disposition in lifestyle. This diet program proves which you is often on the diet program and nonetheless proceed to eat yummy meals or on this circumstance, wonderful tasting drinks. Consider the juice diet regime and see if it performs to suit your needs!

To find out more about this topic, visit Juicer Recipes For Weight Loss

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The Ugly Truth About Protein Bars… (are they really a healthy snack?)

Are Protein Bars a Healthy Snack… Or Just a Jacked Up Chocolate Bar?

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Protein bars are super convenient – you can toss them in your gym bag, your brief case, keep them at your desk, in your car, etc. and snack on them when you’re busy and on the go.

By the looks of the packaging you’ll think that you’re getting a healthy bodybuilding food, much more nutritious than a typical candy bar. But a lot of times they are not. In fact, many protein bars contain just as much fat, sugar, and calories as regular candy bars.

They certainly aren’t the guilt free treat that a lot of people believe them to be. From a fat loss point of view they are just as “fattening” as a regular candy bar. The only difference is that you’re getting a serving of protein along with the fat and sugar.

You can think of a “Protein Bar” as simply eating a candy bar and then washing it down with a protein shake. That’s basically what you’re getting in terms of nutritional value from your typical protein bar.

Now I’m not saying that you can’t enjoy a protein bar from time to time. But just realize exactly what you are eating, it’s nothing more than a candy bar with protein.

For more information about Protein Bars, check out my blog post below that covers the 5 Worst Protein Bar Ingredients at: http://leehayward.com/blog/the-5-worst-protein-bar-ingredients
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How To Choose A Protein Bar - Alyssia's Protein Bar Review - Which Protein Bar is Best?

Which protein bar should I buy? Which Protein Bar is Best? Check out Alyssia’s protein bar review, where she reveals which bars are healthiest based on macros and micronutrients, and why! Check it out!
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What You Need to Know About Protein Shakes

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What’s up y’all,

It’s Jonny with Insane Home Fat Loss and today I want to talk about a really great topic — Protein Shakes! Here at Insane Home Fat Loss we like to make sure that you’re armed with the best information possible so you can meet your fitness goals. So pay attention today because it’s advice like that this that will give you that edge you need to get the body you want!

Video Breakdown:
Protein and nutrition shakes are a great way to get your meals in when you’re on the go but it’ not a replacement for real food. So today I’m going to give you a rundown on all the different types of shakes, how they can hurt you, how they can help you and how you can utilize them to your advantage.

0:38 What are protein shakes?
– It’s a nutritional shake made primarily of protein, usually in the form of a powder.
– But there are also other nutritional shakes that may have more macronutrients (carbs and fats) in there.

1:07 Typically a nutritional shake is based in a powder form of mainly protein or a mixture of the macros.
– You can get the powders in a variety of different forms such as whey protein isolate, whey protein concentrate, egg protein, vegan protein and even beef protein.
– They can pretty much make a powder protein from any source these days!
– And you usually mix these powders with either water or a milk / milk substitute of your choice in a blender or shaker cup.

2:12 How can these shakes help you?
– The biggest thing is that if you have the option between a shake and real food you should choose the real food every time. It has the real nutritional content and substance that your body needs.
– But these are good for when you’re in a rush or don’t have time to make a full meal.

3:04 What are the different types of shakes?
– First, there are strictly protein shakes which don’t have a lot of carbs or fat in them. They are typically around 125 – 130 calories with 15 grams of protein per scoop.

**Always check your labels to see the nutritional values and how many scoops each serving is.

3:33 There is a couple different types of sources available for your whey protein… whey protein isolate, whey protein concentrate, casein protein, there’s a bunch out there.
– But the best protein out there is whey isolate it’s the most pure form, but it will also be the most expensive.

3:51 The second type of shake I want to talk about is a weight gainer or a mass gainer.
– This is similar to protein shakes except they also have a lot more of the other macronutriients (carbs and fat).
– The of this is get the most amount of macronutrients in one meal so that you can get serious in the gym and put on weight.
– This is good for bodybuilders and serious athletes but is NOT for anyone who is looking to lose weight!

4:47 The third type of shake I want to talk about is a meal replacement shake.
– This is pretty much the type of shake that is right in the middle of a protein shake and a mass gainer. It has everything a mass gainer has but dialed way down.
– This is good for people who are busy but are still trying to lose weight, it has all of the macronutrients of a meal.

**You can have these types of shakes if you’re a busy person on the go, pre/intra/post-workout.

6:07 Now let’s talk about the bad.
– You’re not going to get the same results because you’re not going to get the same nutritional content if you drink too many shakes.
– It will shock your system if you drink too many shakes because you’ll basically be switching to an all liquid diet.
– And lastly, they’re not cheap… they cost way more than real food.

A good amount to start with is around 2 shakes per week until your body gets used to producing that type of food.

I hope you enjoyed today’s topic and find it useful to know which shake will works best for your needs and why.

For more workouts, diet and nutrition advice like you saw here today as well as awesome tips and tricks… come back and see us again and click on any of the links you see here. Don’t forget to leave your comments below to let me know what you thought about this workout and what you’d like to see more of and keep those progress pics coming in – Y’all are doing some great work out there!

See y’all next time, Peace!

And, would you like to know more ways to get fit WITHOUT a gym? Check this out:
http://sixpackshortcuts.com/rd22w

Thanks y’all for watching, I know how tough it is to lose that extra weight and feel good about yourself… I was was right where you are not too long ago. But stick with it, once you have your diet and workout routine down it’s just a matter of time before you’re right where you want to be. It took me a while to figure it out but once I started doing it the right way, the fat just melted off.

Here’s how I did it – It’s EASY:
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Train Hard,
Jonny

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About Green Coffee Bean Pills – How To Take Them? Which Are The Best? Where to Get Them?

Make sure your green coffee bean pills are premium quality, and not comming from a questionable brand. To lear more on how to choose the right provider, and also paying the lowest price possible, please view this video completely.

What differentiates Green Coffee Bean from other products?

What makes green coffee bean so different from other weight loss products is simply the fact that it is an all natural weight loss ingredient that also suppresses your appetite. Not only will you be experiencing a faster metabolism through this product, but you will also no longer feel the urge to eat as often as you did in the past. The main challenges people do face when trying to lose weight on their own is the constant desire to snack on food that does accumulate as unnecessary empty calories in your body.

What’s the main benefit of Green Coffee Bean?

Green coffee bean extract is considered to be the new revolutionary weight loss product that effectively melts pounds without even having to exercise or diet and that fact is probably the main benefit of this product. Although it seems to be too good to be true for some people, it is constantly being flown off shelves at high demand online stores and natural food stores because the amazing feedback it’s receiving and the results it’s bringing to people’s lives. It is considered to be among one of the top sellers at the moment because of its quick way to eliminate fat.

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Learn The Truth About Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss

For weight loss

The Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss food regimen also has been broadly known since the 1970s. The mixture of apple company cider, kelp, vitamin B-6, and lecithin help the body’s metabolism to burn fat faster than it might quite often do. What dieters ought to do to shed pounds is to take one, two, or three teaspoons prior to each meal, beginning with one teaspoon after which working up to two or three. Aside from helping you metabolize fat, it is supposed to trim down the dieter’s starvation and cravings.

Our digestive tract also benefits from this magic mix, as Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss treatment can as a matter of fact restore amounts of hydrochloric acid and pepsin within our bodies, both of which act to collapse meals properly.

Employing ACV as an addition to an already strong consuming plan could be the ideal booster to place your weight reduction outrageous, and thin Asian ladies do NOT skip meals or use liquids along the lines of a long-term substitute for genuine food!

While Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss has been stated to avoid a number of sicknesses and disorders for centuries, and might have a great many health care uses, apple cider vinegar weight reduction diet’s effectiveness has not been confirmed and if anything, will only translate into marginal results.

In this case there is a recent Arizona State University examine that suggests that vinegar may help with weight reduction and suggests why. Only part of the investigation included vinegar. The vinegar was consumed as a diluted drink in advance of meals and did alter the glycemic have an impact on of meals.

For starters, Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss has been used as a folk remedy. You will find thousands of success tales and even the scientific neighborhood has studied and debated the real, tangible great things about using this to shed pounds for yrs. and that’s why you truly should give it a try.  So, which sort makes this so effective for weight loss?  Well, latest investigations show that when taking this with or simply in advance of your meals can curb your appetite.  But this is just one of the methods you can use apple cider vinegar for weight loss.  You will find also tablets which have this in it and these also contain lecithin and vitamin B6, both of which can aide weight loss.

Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss also breaks down the body’s fatty, mucous and phlegm.  The good reasons to this are clear thanks to this helps the function of your liver, bladder, and kidneys. It markets digestion and even helps to stops too high blood pressure and aids in the clotting process as well as cleaning the blood.  It helps remove impurities from the body and can help avoid diarrhea or digestive upsets. This assortment also contains potassium which helps build holistic bones and teeth as well as aid to stop hair loss.  It aids the body structure with easing common bloodless and allergy symptoms.

Other benefits include, reduces inflammation and ache to aching joints, been recognized to deal with nostril bleeds, cancer, gallstones, kidney stones, hay fever, ear discharge, fatigue, muscle cramps, and diarrhea. It is always been even cited as an aide to the treatment of depression. Whereas there can be various types to take this like in salad dressings, mayonnaise or sprinkled on chips and fries.  The best way to take that is in its natural liquid form.  Some other manner in which to locate this assortment is in capsule form.

Don’t neglect that Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss, In essence consists of acetic acid together with many vitamins, enzymes and nutrients. So right before consumption always remember to dilute the apple company cider vinegar in either plain water or juice. You could add honey along with it for taste. And do not forget that apple company cider vinegar weight reduction plan will solely work if it is consumed correct prior to your meals.

The glycemic end results relates to how fast insulin rises in response to sugars entering the blood stream. Eat low glycemic foods (whole grains, non-starchy vegetables, legumes) and also you get a feeling of fullness and will take in far less power in the course of a day. Eat too high glycemic index meals (processed grains, potato products, white flour and sweets) and excess carbohydrates you eat will be in many instances saved as fat.

David Miller, In this study, Apple Cider Vinegar Weight Loss scaled back the glycemic end results of particular meals. The influence although was quite small. Lots more revealed about www.1Fatlossprogram.com here.

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